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 常見英語標點符號的用法

逗號 Comma [,]

句子中的停頓
Therefore, we should write a letter to the prime minister.
在疑問句中引出說話人:
"I can come today," she said, "but not tomorrow."
排列三個或以上的名詞:
Ontario, Quebec, and B.C. are the three biggest provinces.
引出定語從句
Emily Carr, who was born in 1871, was a great painter.

句號 Period [.]

用以表示一個句子的結束
Hockey is a popular sport in Canada.
The federal government is based in Ottawa.
用在縮寫中
B.C. is the province located on the West Coast.
Dr. Bethune was a Canadian who worked in China.
The company is located at 888 Bay St. in Toronto.
It is 4:00 p.m. in Halifax right now.

問號 Question Mark [?]

在句子的結尾使用問號表示是直接疑問句:
How many provinces are there in Canada?
注意:在間接疑問句結尾不要加問號:
The teacher asked the class a question.
Do not ask me why.

嘆號 Exclamation Mark [!]

在句子的結尾使用嘆號表示驚訝、興奮等情緒:
We won the Stanley Cup!
The forest is on fire!

單引號 Apostrophe [']

表示所有
This is David's computer.
These are the player's things. (things that belong to the player)
Note: 對于復數形式的名詞,只加'
These are the players' things. (things that belong to the players)
縮寫I don't know how to fix it.

引號Quotation Marks ["]

直接引出某人說的話:
The prime minister said, "We will win the election."
"I can come today," she said, "but not tomorrow."

冒號Colon [:]

引出一系列名詞
There are three positions in hockey: goalie, defence, and forward.
引出一個較長的引語
The prime minister said: "We will fight. We will not give up. We will win the next election."

分號Semicolon [;]

將兩個相關的句子連接起來
The festival is very popular; people from all over the world visit each year.
和逗號一同使用引出一系列名詞
The three biggest cities in Canada are Toronto, Ontario; Montreal, Quebec; and Vancouver, B.C.

破折號Dash [-]

在一個句子前作總結
Mild, wet, and cloudy - these are the characteristics of weather in Vancouver.
在一個句子的前面或后面加入額外的注釋
The children - Pierre, Laura, and Ashley - went to the store. Most Canadians - but not all - voted in the last election.
表示某人在說話過程中被打斷
The woman said, "I want to ask - " when the earthquake began to shake the room.

連字符Hyphen [-]

連接兩個單詞
sweet-smelling
fire-resistant
將前綴
anti-Canadian
non-contact
在數字中使用
one-quarter
twenty-three

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